exact same locality [1]. The bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (maximum body length 130 cm, weight up to 14.4 kg) is an crucial industrial fish and game fish with a circumglobal distribution in tropical and subtropical waters [6]. Molecular analysis of Philometra species has concerned only a compact variety of species [4, 28, 33, 34]; sequences of cytochrome c oxidase 1 (COI), usually applied for barco